1 Later, God tested Abraham, and called

               Him, “Abraham!” “Here I am,” he replied.

2 Then God said, “Take your son, your only son,

Isaac, your son you love, and journey to

The region of Moriah. Sacrifice

Him there as a burnt offering on one

Of the Moriah mountains I’ll tell you

Of.” 3 Early the next morning Abraham

Rose and he saddled up his donkey, and

He took with him two of his servants and

               Isaac his son, and having cut some wood,

Enough for the burnt offering, he set

Out for the place that God had told him of,

 4 And on the third day Abraham looked up

And saw the place far off. 5 He told his servants,

“Stay with the donkey while the boy and I

Go over there. We’ll worship and then we

               Will come back to you.” 6 Abraham took wood

For the burnt offering and placed it on

Isaac his son, and he himself did bring

The fire and knife, and as the two of them

Went on together, 7 Isaac spoke up and

Said to his father Abraham, “My father?” 

“Yes, my son?” Abraham replied. “The fire

And wood are here,” said Isaac, “but where is

The lamb for the burnt offering?” 8 To which

Abraham answered, “God himself will give

The lamb for the burnt offering, my son.”

               The two of them went on together. 9 When

They reached the place God had told him about,

Abraham built an altar there, set up

The wood on it, and bound up his son Isaac

And laid him on the altar, over wood.

10 Then he reached out his hand and took the knife

To kill his son, 11 but God’s angel called him

From heaven, “Abraham! O Abraham!”

The Sacrifice of Isaac by Rembrandt van Rijn (1635)

“Here I am,” he replied. 12 “Don’t lay a hand

Upon the boy,” he said. “Don’t do a thing

To him, because I know that you fear God,

For you have not withheld from me your son,

Your only son,” 13 and Abraham looked up

And in a thicket there he saw a ram

Caught by its horns. He went and took the ram

And sacrificed it, a burnt offering

In his son’s place. 14 So Abraham called that

Place The LORD Will Provide, and to this day

It is said, “On God’s mountain it will be

Provided,” 15 and the angel of the LORD

Once more called out to Abraham from heaven

16 And told him, “I swear by myself, declares

The LORD, that since you have done this and you

Have not withheld your son, your only son,

17 I’ll surely bless you and make your descendants

As numerous as stars up in the sky

And as the seashore sand, and your descendants

Will take possession of the cities of

Their enemies, 18 and through your offspring all

Earth’s nations will be blessed, because you have

Obeyed me.” 19 Abraham then went back to

His servants, and they went together toward

Beersheba. Abraham stayed in

Beersheba, 20 and later, Abraham

Was told this: “Milcah is a mother too;

She’s borne sons to your brother Nahor: 21 Uz

The firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel

(Father of Aram), 22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash,

Jidlaph and Bethuel.” 23 Now Bethuel

Became the father of Rebekah. Milcah

Bore these eight sons to Abraham’s own brother

Nahor. 24 His concubine, Reumah, had

Sons: Tebah, Gaham, Tahash and Maacah.



1 The LORD showed grace to Sarah as he had

Said, and he did for Sarah as he had

Promised, 2 for she got pregnant and she bore

A son to Abraham in his old age,

               And at the very time that God had promised

Him. 3 Abraham gave the name Isaac to

The son that Sarah bore him. 4 When his son

               Isaac had turned eight days old, Abraham

               Circumcised him, as God commanded him.

5 Abraham was a hundred years old when

Isaac, his son, was born to him, 6 and Sarah

Said, “God has brought me laughter, and all who

Hear about this will laugh with me.” 7 And she

               Added, “Who would have said to Abraham

That Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have

Borne him a son in his old age.” 8 The child

Grew and was weaned, and on the day he was

Weaned, Abraham held a great feast. 9 But Sarah

Saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian

Had borne to Abraham was mocking, 10 and

She said to Abraham, “Get rid of that

Slave woman and her son, because that son

               Of a slave woman never will share in

Isaac my son’s inheritance.” 11 The matter

Exasperated Abraham because

It was about his son, 12 but God told him,

“Do not be so distressed about the boy

And of your maidservant. Hear Sarah out,

For it’s through Isaac that your offspring will

Be reckoned, 13 and the maidservant’s son I

Will make a nation of, too, for he is

Your child.” 14 Next morning, early, Abraham

Took some food and a water skin and gave

It all to Hagar. He set them on her

Shoulders and then sent her off with the boy.

She went along her way and wandered in

The wilderness of Beersheba. 15 When

The water in the skin was gone, she put

The boy beneath a bush, 16 then she went off and

Sat close to him, about a bowshot off,

               And thought, “I cannot watch the boy die,” and

               As she sat nearby, she began to sob.

Hagar and Ishmael in the Desert

By Joseph Highmore

17 As God heard the boy cry, God’s angel called     

To Hagar out of heaven and asked her,

“What is the matter, Hagar? Don’t be scared;

God has heard the boy crying as he lies

There. 18 Lift him up and take him by the hand,

For I’ll make him be a great nation.” 19 Then

God opened up her eyes and she observed

A water well. She went and filled the skin

With water and she gave the boy a drink,

20 And God was with the boy as he grew up.

He lived in wilderness, an archer. 21 While

He dwelled in Paran Desert, and his mother

Got him a wife from Egypt. 22 At that time

Abimelech and Phicol, who commanded

His forces, said to Abraham, “God is

With you in everything you do. 23 Now swear

To me in front of God that you will not

Deal falsely with me or my children or

My offspring. Show me and the country where

You live, an alien, the kindness that

I’ve shown to you.” 24 “I swear it,” Abraham

Said, 25 then Abraham protested to

               Abimelech about a water well

Abimelech’s own servants had secured, 26

To which Abimelech replied, “I don’t

Know who has done this; you did not tell me;

Today was the first time I heard of it,”

27 So Abraham brought sheep and cattle which

               He gave Abimelech, and the two men

Did form a treaty. 28 Abraham set off

Seven ewe lambs out of the flock, 29 and then

Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is

The meaning of these seven ewe lambs you

Have set apart all by themselves?” 30 He said,

“Accept these seven lambs from my hand

To be a witness that I dug this well.” 31

So that place was called Beersheba, for

               The two men swore an oath there. 32 After they

Had made the treaty at Beersheba,

Abimelech and Phicol, who commanded

His forces, to the land of Philistines.

33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree

In Beersheba, called upon the name

Of God, th’Eternal God there, 34 and he stayed

Inside the Philistines’ land many days.

If you think you are not conceited, it means you are very conceited indeed.
~C.S. Lewis, “Mere Christianity,” chapter 8, “The Great Sin”


1 Now Abraham moved on from there into

The Negev region and he lived between

Kadesh and Shur, and for a while he stayed

In Gerar, 2 and there Abraham said this

Of his wife Sarah, “She’s my sister.” Then

Abimelech the king of Gerar sent

For Sarah and took her, 3 but God came to

Abimelech within a dream one night

And said to him, “You are as good as dead

Due to the woman you have taken; she’s

 A married woman.” 4 Now Abimelech

Had not gone near her, so he answered, “Lord,

Will you destroy an honest nation? 5 Did

He not say to me, ‘She’s my sister,’ and

Didn’t she say too, ‘He’s my brother’? I’ve

Done this with a clear conscience and clean hands.”

6 Then God said to him in the dream, “Yes, I

Know you did this with a clear conscience, and

Therefore I have not let you sin against

Me and that’s why I did not let you touch

Her, 7 so now give the man his wife back, for

He is a prophet, and he’ll pray for you

And you will live. But if you do not give

Her back, you may be sure that you and yours

Will perish.” 8 Early the next morning King

Abimelech summoned all his officials,

And when he told them what had happened, they

Were scared. 9 Abimelech the king called in

Abraham and he said to him, “What have

You done to us? How have I wronged you that

You have brought such great guilt upon me and

My kingdom? You’ve done things to me that should

Not be done.” 10 And Abimelech inquired

Of Abraham, “Why did you do this thing?”

               11 Abraham answered, “I said to myself,

‘Surely this place does not fear God, and they

Will murder me due to my wife.’ 12 Besides,

She really is my sister; she’s the daughter

Of my own father though not of my mother;

And she became my wife, 13 and when God had

Me wander from my father’s household, I

Told her, ‘This is how you can show your love

To me: Each place we go, say of me, “He’s

My brother.”’” 14 Then Abimelech brought sheep

And cattle and some male and female slaves,

Which he gave Abraham, and he gave Sarah

His wife back to him. 15 And Abimelech

Said, “My land is before you; live wherever

You like.” 16 To Sarah he said, “I give your

               Brother a thousand silver shekels. This

Shall cover the offense against you in

Front of all who are with you; you have been

Completely vindicated.” 17 Abraham

Asked God, who healed Abimelech,

His wife and his slave girls so they could have

Children again, 18 because the LORD had closed

Wombs in Abimelech’s own house like dams

Because of Sarah, wife of Abraham.