1 At Etham God told Moses: 2 “Tell the people

Of Israel to turn around and camp

Across from Pi‑Hahiroth near Baal‑

Zephon, with Migdol on one side, the Red

Sea on the other. 3 Egypt’s king will think

They were afraid to cross the desert and

That they are wandering around and trying

To find another way to leave the country.

4 Again I’ll make the king bull-headed, and

He’ll try to catch you, then I will destroy

Him and his army. People everywhere

Will praise me for my win, and the Egyptians

Will know I am the LORD.” The Israelites

Obeyed the LORD and camped where he told them.

5 When Egypt’s king heard that the Israelites

Had left at last, he and his ministers

Did change their minds and said, “Look what we’ve done!

We let them get away, and they won’t be

Our slaves.” 6 The king got his war chariot

And army ready. 7 He commanded that

His officers in charge of his six hundred

Best chariots and other chariots

Start after Israelites. 8 The LORD had made

The king so stubborn that he chased them, even

Pharaoh Pursues the Israelites

Though Israelites went proudly on their way,

9 But the king’s horses and his chariots

And soldiers caught up with them while they camped

By the Red Sea near Pi‑Hahiroth and

Baal‑Zephon. 10 The Israelites, when they

Saw that the king was coming with his army,

Were scared and begged the LORD for help. 11 They also

Complained to Moses, “Did not Egypt have

Sufficient room to bury us? Is that

Why you brought us out here to die in desert?

12 Why did you bring us out of Egypt in

The first place? While we were there, didn’t we

Tell you to let us be? We’d rather work

As slaves in Egypt than to die out in

This desert!” 13 Moses answered, ADon=t be scared!

Be brave; you=ll see the LORD save you today,

And these Egyptians will not bother you

Again. 14 The LORD will fight for you, and you

Won’t have to do a thing.” 15 God said to Moses,

“Why do you call to me for help? Command

The Israelites to go ahead, 16 then hold

Your walking stick above the sea: The water

Will open up and make a road where they

Can walk through on dry ground, 17 and I will make

Egyptians so stiff-necked they will chase you,

Then I’ll be praised for what befalls the king,

His chariots and cavalry. 18 Egyptians

Will know for certain that I am the LORD.”

19 Meanwhile God’s angel had advanced ahead

Of Israel’s battalions, but now he

Relocated behind them. A large cloud

Had gone ahead of them, 20 but now it moved

Between the Israelites and the Egyptians.

The cloud gave light to Israelites, but made

It dark for the Egyptians, and during night

They could not close in. 21 Moses stretched his arm

Moses Parts the Red Sea

Above the sea, and God sent an east wind

That blew all night until there was dry land

Where water had been; the sea opened, 22 and

The Israelites walked through on dry land with

A water wall on each side. 23 The Egyptian

Chariots and their cavalry pursued

Them, 24 but before the dawn God looked down at

Th’Egyptian army from the fiery cloud

And made them panic. 25 Wheels on chariots

Got stuck, and it was hard for them to move.

So the Egyptians said to one another,

ALet’s leave these people all alone. The LORD

Is on their side and fights against us.” 26 God

Told Moses, “Stretch your arm out toward the sea−

Water will cover the Egyptians and

Their cavalry and chariots.” 27 So Moses

Stretched out his arm: At dawn the water rushed

Toward the Egyptians, who attempted to

Run off, but the LORD drowned them in the sea.

28 The water came and covered chariots,

Cavalry, and the whole Egyptian army

Submersion of Pharaoh in the Red Sea

By Andrea Previtali

That had pursued the Israelites into

The sea. Not one of them was left alive,

29 But the Red Sea had made a water wall

On each side of the Israelites; so they

Walked through upon dry land. 30 On that day, when

The Israelites saw bodies of Egyptians

Washed up along the shore, they knew the LORD

Had saved them by his power he had used

Against Egyptians, 31 and the Israelites

Worshiped him and they trusted him and Moses,

His servant, servant whom the Lord had chosen.

March 25: Sir Winston Churchill

March 25

Sir Winston Churchill



Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein, we never had a defeat.

~Sir Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume IV: “The Hinge of Fate” (1951) Chapter 33 (“The Battle of Alamein“)



We have a lot of anxieties, and one cancels out another very often.

~Sir Winston Churchill



You might however consider whether you should not unfold as a background the great privilege of habeas corpus and trial by jury, which are the supreme protection invented by the English people for ordinary individuals against the state. The power of the Executive to cast a man in prison without formulating any charge known to the law, and particularly to deny him the judgment of his peers is in the highest degree odious and is the foundation of all totalitarian government, whether Nazi or Communist.

~Sir Winston Churchill in a telegram (November 21, 1942) from Cairo, Egypt to Home Secretary Herbert Morrison; cited in In the Highest Degree Odious (1992), Simpson, Clarendon Press, p. 391 ISBN 0198257759