1 At Etham God told Moses: 2 “Tell the people
Of Israel to turn around and camp
Across from Pi‑Hahiroth near Baal‑
Zephon, with Migdol on one side, the Red
Sea on the other. 3 Egypt’s king will think
They were afraid to cross the desert and
That they are wandering around and trying
To find another way to leave the country.
4 Again I’ll make the king bull-headed, and
He’ll try to catch you, then I will destroy
Him and his army. People everywhere
Will praise me for my win, and the Egyptians
Will know I am the LORD.” The Israelites
Obeyed the LORD and camped where he told them.
5 When Egypt’s king heard that the Israelites
Had left at last, he and his ministers
Did change their minds and said, “Look what we’ve done!
We let them get away, and they won’t be
Our slaves.” 6 The king got his war chariot
And army ready. 7 He commanded that
His officers in charge of his six hundred
Best chariots and other chariots
Start after Israelites. 8 The LORD had made
The king so stubborn that he chased them, even
Though Israelites went proudly on their way,
9 But the king’s horses and his chariots
And soldiers caught up with them while they camped
By the Red Sea near Pi‑Hahiroth and
Baal‑Zephon. 10 The Israelites, when they
Saw that the king was coming with his army,
Were scared and begged the LORD for help. 11 They also
Complained to Moses, “Did not Egypt have
Sufficient room to bury us? Is that
Why you brought us out here to die in desert?
12 Why did you bring us out of Egypt in
The first place? While we were there, didn’t we
Tell you to let us be? We’d rather work
As slaves in Egypt than to die out in
This desert!” 13 Moses answered, ADon=t be scared!
Be brave; you=ll see the LORD save you today,
And these Egyptians will not bother you
Again. 14 The LORD will fight for you, and you
Won’t have to do a thing.” 15 God said to Moses,
“Why do you call to me for help? Command
The Israelites to go ahead, 16 then hold
Your walking stick above the sea: The water
Will open up and make a road where they
Can walk through on dry ground, 17 and I will make
Egyptians so stiff-necked they will chase
Then I’ll be praised for what befalls the king,
His chariots and cavalry. 18 Egyptians
Will know for certain that I am the LORD.”
19 Meanwhile God’s angel had advanced ahead
Of Israel’s battalions, but now he
Relocated behind them. A large cloud
Had gone ahead of them, 20 but now it moved
Between the Israelites and the Egyptians.
The cloud gave light to Israelites, but made
It dark for the Egyptians, and during night
They could not close in. 21 Moses stretched his arm
Above the sea, and God sent an east wind
That blew all night until there was dry land
Where water had been; the sea opened, 22 and
The Israelites walked through on dry land with
A water wall on each side. 23 The Egyptian
Chariots and their cavalry pursued
Them, 24 but before the dawn God looked down at
Th’Egyptian army from the fiery cloud
And made them panic. 25 Wheels on chariots
Got stuck, and it was hard for them to move.
So the Egyptians said to one another,
ALet’s leave these people all alone. The LORD
Is on their side and fights against us.” 26 God
Told Moses, “Stretch your arm out toward the sea−
Water will cover the Egyptians and
Their cavalry and chariots.” 27 So Moses
Stretched out his arm: At dawn the water rushed
Toward the Egyptians, who attempted to
Run off, but the LORD drowned them in the sea.
28 The water came and covered chariots,
Cavalry, and the whole Egyptian army
Submersion of Pharaoh in the Red Sea
By Andrea Previtali
That had pursued the Israelites into
The sea. Not one of them was left alive,
29 But the Red Sea had made a water wall
On each side of the Israelites; so they
Walked through upon dry land. 30 On that day, when
The Israelites saw bodies of Egyptians
Washed up along the shore, they knew the LORD
Had saved them by his power he had used
Against Egyptians, 31 and the Israelites
Worshiped him and they trusted him and Moses,
His servant, servant whom the Lord had chosen.
Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein, we never had a defeat.
~Sir Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume IV: “The Hinge of Fate” (1951) Chapter 33 (“The Battle of Alamein“)
We have a lot of anxieties, and one cancels out another very often.
~Sir Winston Churchill
You might however consider whether you should not unfold as a background the great privilege of habeas corpus and trial by jury, which are the supreme protection invented by the English people for ordinary individuals against the state. The power of the Executive to cast a man in prison without formulating any charge known to the law, and particularly to deny him the judgment of his peers is in the highest degree odious and is the foundation of all totalitarian government, whether Nazi or Communist.
~Sir Winston Churchill in a telegram (November 21, 1942) from Cairo, Egypt to Home Secretary Herbert Morrison; cited in In the Highest Degree Odious (1992), Simpson, Clarendon Press, p. 391 ISBN 0198257759
Come save us, Hammer, from Muslim hordes
So we can serve and worship Christ our Lord
The Arabs pierced the Pyrenees, invaded
The Franks, and pounded north toward Tours, where they’d
Plunder the Abby of St. Martin, rich
And holy shrine–but their plan had a glitch,
For Charles Martel avoided roads, and brought
His army over mountains, the blind spot
For Arabs, who had to defeat this force
To get to Tours, and with their many horses
And stirrups (Franks had none), the seventh day
They charged uphill at Franks who fought and stayed
And thrust them back, while others circled round,
Took booty and freed slaves, to their renown.
The Muslim host fled from the enemy
And Christian Charles Martel claimed victory.
Come save us, Hammer, from Muslim hordes
So we can serve and worship Christ our Lord
Lawyers and the Law
Lorenzo Dow, an evangelist of the last century, was on a preaching tour when he came to a small town one cold winter’s night. He entered the local general store to get some warmth, and saw the town’s lawyers gathered around the pot-bellied stove discussing the town’s business. Not one offered to allow Dow into the circle.
Dow told the men who he was, and that he had recently had a vision where he had been given a tour of Hell, much like the traveler in Dante‘s Inferno. When one of the lawyers asked him what he had seen, he replied, “Very much what I see here: all of the lawyers, gathered in the hottest place.”
If lawyers were to undertake no causes till they were sure they were just, a man might be precluded altogether from a trial of his claim, though, were it judicially examined, it might be found a very just claim.
~Samuel Johnson, Journal of a Tour of the Hebrides, August 15, 1773
There is a vague popular belief that lawyers are necessarily dishonest. I say vague, because when we consider to what extent confidence and honors are reposed in and conferred upon lawyers by the people, it appears improbable that their impression of dishonesty is very distinct and vivid. Yet the impression is common, almost universal. Let no young man choosing the law for a calling for a moment yield to the popular belief. Resolve to be honest at all events; and if in your own judgment you cannot be an honest lawyer, resolve to be honest without being a lawyer. Choose some other occupation, rather than one in the choosing of which you do, in advance, consent to be a knave.
~Abraham Lincoln, memorandum for law lecture, 1850
1 The LORD told Moses, 2 “Consecrate to me
Each firstborn male, for the first offspring of
Each womb among the Israelites belongs
To me, no matter whether it is human
Or animal,” 3 then Moses told the people,
“Commemorate this day, the day you came
From Egypt, from the land of slavery,
Because the LORD brought you out of it with
A mighty hand. Eat nothing that has yeast.
4 Today, within the month of Aviv, you
Are leaving. 5 When the LORD brings you into
The land of Canaanites and Amorites,
Hittites and Jebusites, the land he swore
Unto your ancestors to give you, land
That flows with milk and honey, you are to
Observe this ceremony in this month:
6 For seven days eat bread made with no yeast.
The seventh day, you’ll hold a festival
To God. 7 Eat the unleavened bread in those
Seven days; nothing with the yeast in it
Is to be seen among you, nor shall yeast
Be seen within your borders. 8 On that day
Tell your son, ‘I do this because of what
The LORD did for me when I came from Egypt.=’
A sign upon your hand and a reminder
Upon your forehead that this law of God
Shall be upon your lips. For God brought you
From Egypt with his mighty hand. 10 You must
Maintain this ordinance at the appointed
Time year by year, 11 and after God brings you
Into the land of Canaanites and gives
It to you, as he has promised you and your
Fathers on oath, 12 you are to consecrate
Unto the LORD first-born from each womb.
All firstborn males among your livestock are
The LORD’s. 13 Redeem each firstborn donkey with
A lamb, but if you don’t redeem it, break
14 In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What
Does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a
The LORD brought us from Egypt, from the land
Of slavery. 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly
Refused to let us go, God killed the firstborn
Of animals and people inside Egypt.
That’s why I make this sacrifice to God
Of the first male who’s born from every womb
And I redeem each of my firstborn sons.’
16 It will be like a sign upon your hand,
A symbol on your forehead that the LORD
Brought us from Egypt with his mighty hand.”
17 When Pharaoh let the people go, God did
Not lead them on the highway through the land
Of Philistines, though that was shorter. For
God said, “If they face battles, they might change
Their minds and go back to the land of Egypt,”
18 So God led the people by the desert road
Toward the Red Sea. The Israelites went from Egypt
Prepared for battle. 19 Moses took the bones
Of Joseph with him, for he’d made Israelites
Declare an oath. He had said, “Surely God
Will come and help you, then you have to take
My bones up with you from this place.” 20 They left
Sukkoth and camped at Etham on the edge
Of wilderness. 21 By day God went ahead
Of them in a cloud pillar to guide them
And during night in a fire pillar to
Provide them light, so they could travel by
Day or night. 22 Neither the cloud pillar by
The day nor the fire pillar during night
Left from its place before the people’s sight.
1 Now later on, the LORD told Moses and
Aaron: 2 “This month is to be the first month
Out of the year for you. 3 Inform the people
Of Israel that on the tenth day of
The month each family head must choose a lamb
Or young goat for his family to eat,
4 And if a family has too few in it
To eat the entire animal, they have
To share it with their next‑door neighbors. 5 Choose
Either a sheep or goat, but it must be
A one‑year‑old male that has nothing wrong
With it. It must be large enough for all
To have some meat. 6 Each family must take
Care of its animal until the evening
Upon the fourteenth day out of the month,
When you’re to kill the animals. 7 Some blood
Has to be put on the two doorposts and
Above the door of every house where you
Will eat the animals. 8 You’ll roast and eat
The animals that night, together with
Some bitter herbs and thin bread with no yeast.
9 Don’t eat the meat when raw or boiled. You have
To roast the entire animal, including
Its head and legs, and insides. 10 Eat
Want that night, and next morning burn whatever
Remains, 11 and when you eat the meal, be dressed,
Ready to travel. Have your sandals on,
Carry your walking stick within your hand;
Eat quickly. This is the Passover Feast
To honor me, your LORD. 12 That night I’ll pass
Through Egypt and I’ll kill the first‑born son
In every family and the first‑born male
Of all the animals. I am the LORD,
And I will punish Egypt’s gods. 13 The blood
On houses will show me where you live, and
When I see blood, I will pass over you,
Then the disasters I will bring on Egypt
Won’t bother you. 14 You must recall this day
And celebrate it each year as a feast
To honor me. 15 For seven days you must
Eat bread that has no yeast, and on the first
Out of these seven days, you must remove
Yeast from your homes. If you eat anything
During this festival that does have yeast,
You will no more be part of Israel.
16 During the festival, upon the first
And seventh days, come meet for worship, and
The only work that you may do on either
Of these two days is to prepare the bread.
17 Celebrate this Feast of Unleavened Bread,
For then you will recall the day I brought
Your tribes and families from Egypt, and
Do this each year. 18 Begin the evening of
The fourteenth day of the first month by eating
Bread with no yeast. Continue with this feast
‘Til evening of the twenty‑first day. 19 During
These seven days, nobody is to have
Yeast at home, whether Israelites or not.
If you are caught while eating anything
Made with yeast, no more will you be a part
Of Israel. 20 Stay back from yeast, no matter
Where you live. No one is allowed to eat
A thing that’s made with yeast. 21 Then Moses called
Leaders of Israel together and
He said: “Each family shall pick a sheep
And kill it for the Passover, 22 and make
A brush from some small branches taken from
A hyssop plant and dip the brush inside
The bowl with th’animal’s blood in it. Brush
Some blood above the door and on the posts
At each door side within your house, and after
This, everyone shall stay inside, 23 for in
That night the LORD will go throughout the land
Of Egypt and will kill the first‑born son
In each Egyptian family. He’ll see
Where you have put the blood, and he won’t come
Into your house, and his death angel will
Pass over and won’t kill your first‑born sons.
24 Once you have crossed into the country promised
You by the LORD, you and your children must
25 Keep celebrating Passover each year.
26 ‘What do we celebrate?’ your children will
Ask you, and you’ll reply, ‘The Passover
Animal’s killed to honor God. 27 We do
These things because on that night long ago
The LORD passed over homes of all our people
In Egypt, and he killed the first‑born sons
Of the Egyptians, but he saved our children
From death.” When Moses stopped his talk, the people
Of Israel knelt down and worshiped God,
28 Then they departed and they did what Moses
And Aaron had told them to do. 29 At midnight
God killed the first‑born son of each Egyptian
Family, from the king’s son to the son
Of every prisoner in jail. He also
Killed the first‑born male of each animal
That the Egyptians owned. 30 That night the king,
His ministers, and everybody else
In Egypt rose and started crying. In
Every Egyptian home, a boy was dead.
31 During the night the king sent for both Moses
And Aaron and said, “Get your people out
Of Egypt and leave us alone. Go out
And worship God, as you have asked, 32 and take
Your cattle, sheep, and goats, and leave, but ask
Your God to treat me well.” 33 Egyptians did
All that they could to get the Israelites
To leave their country fast. They said, “Please hurry
And leave, for if you don’t, we’ll all be dead.”
34 The Israelites made bread dough and put it
In pans, but they did not mix any yeast
Inside the dough to make it rise. They wrapped
Some cloth around the pans and carried them
Upon their shoulders. 35 Now the Israelites
Already had obeyed what Moses said:
They’d gone to their Egyptian neighbors and
Had asked for gold and silver and for clothes.
36 The LORD had made Egyptians friendly toward
People of Israel, and they gave them
Whatever they asked for. In this way they
Took the Egyptians’ wealth when they left Egypt.
37 The Israelites walked from the city of
Rameses to the city, Succoth. Their
Group had about six hundred thousand, women
And children not included. 38 Many others
Went with them too, and they had many sheep
And goats and cattle. 39 They left Egypt so
Swiftly that they did not have time to cook
Some food except the bread dough made without
The yeast, so they baked it and made thin bread.
40 God’s people left from Egypt just four hundred
Thirty years after they’d arrived, and at
The finish of four hundred thirty years,
Down to the very day, all God’s divisions
Left Egypt. 42 That night the LORD kept watch
For them, and on this same night on each year
Will Israel keep watch to honor God.
43 These regulations are what God gave Moses
And Aaron for the Passover: “None but
The Israelites may eat the Passover
Meal, 44 though your slaves may eat the meal if they’ve
Been circumcised. 45 No foreigners who work
For you can eat the meal. 46 The entire meal
Has to be eaten indoors, and no one
May leave the house while Passover goes on.
The Passover lamb’s bones may not be broken.
47 And all the Israelites must join the meal.
48 If anyone who’s not an Israelite
Does want to celebrate the Passover
With you, then every man and boy inside
That family must first be circumcised.
Then they may join you at the meal, just like
The native Israelites. No man or boy
Uncircumcised may eat the Passover;
49 This law applies to native Israelites
And to those foreigners who live with you.”
50 The Israelites obeyed all that the LORD
Told Moses and told Aaron to tell them.
51 On that same day the LORD brought Israel’s
Families and tribes from Egypt, where they’d dwelt.
1 The LORD explained to Moses: “I am going
To punish Egypt’s king and people one
More time, then he will gladly let you leave
His land, so I’ll stop punishing Egyptians.
He’ll even chase you out. 2 Now go and tell
My people to ask their Egyptian neighbors
For gold and silver jewelry, 3 so God
Made the Egyptians value Israelites,
And everyone, including Egypt’s king
And his officials, thought of Moses as
A major leader. 4 Moses went and saw
The king and said: “I’ve come to let you know
What God’s about to do. About the time
Of midnight he’ll go through the land of Egypt.
Wherever he will go, 5 the first‑born son
In every family will die. Your son
Will die, as will the son of the slave woman.
6 The first‑born males of cattle will die, too.
Throughout the land of Egypt will be wailing.
Nothing like this has happened in the past
Or ever will occur again, 7 but there
But Israelites won’t need to cry, for things
Will be so quiet that no one will hear
Even a barking dog, then you Egyptians
Will know the LORD is good to Israelites,
Even while he inflicts his punishment
On you. 8 Your leaders will come and bow down,
Begging me to leave Egypt with my people.
Then we’ll leave.” Moses was quite angry, and
He turned and left the king. 9 What
God had said
To Moses earlier had come true. He
Had said, “The king of Egypt will not listen.
Then I’ll perform more miracles,” 10 and so
The king of Egypt saw that Moses and
Aaron worked wonders, but God made him ban
Departure by the Hebrews from his land.